DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV37n1-a05

Subvolcanic contact metasomatism at El Laco Volcanic Complex, Central Andes

Jose A. Naranjo, Fernando Henrquez, Jan O. Nystrom

Abstract


Studies of drill cores from the Pasos Blancos area at El Laco in the central Andes, northern Chile, give evidence of an intense and extensive subvolcanic contact-metasomatic process. This process resulted from shallow-level emplacement of very volatile-rich iron-oxide magma, with discharge of volatiles that resulted in extensive fracturing of overlying volcanic rocks. The brecciated rocks were altered (mainly extensive scapolitization and formation of pyroxene) by hot magmatic fluids emitted from the cooling intrusion, and accompanied by magnetite deposition. With time and decreasing temperature, the metasomatic fluids evolved to fluids of hydrothermal character, and a final recent geothermal event took place that deposited superficial gypsum over a large part of the El Laco Volcanic Complex.


How to cite this article Naranjo, J., Henrquez, F., and Nystrom, J., 2010, Subvolcanic contact metasomatism at El Laco Volcanic Complex, Central Andes: Andean Geology, v. 37, no. 1, p. 110-120., doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV37n1-a05