DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV43n1-a08

Early Cambrian U-Pb zircon age and Hf-isotope data from the Guasayán pluton, Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina: implications for the northwestern boundary of the Pampean arc

Juan A. Dahlquist, Sebastián O. Verdecchia, Edgardo G. Baldo, Miguel A.S. Basei, Pablo H. Alasino, Gimena A. Urán, Carlos W. Rapela, Mario da Costa Campos Neto, Priscila S. Zandomeni

Abstract


An Early Cambrian pluton, known as the Guasayán pluton, has been identified in the central area of Sierra de Guasayán, northwestern Argentina. A U-Pb zircon Concordia age of 533±4 Ma was obtained by LA-MC-ICP-MS and represents the first report of robustly dated Early Cambrian magmatism for the northwestern Sierras Pampeanas. The pluton was emplaced in low-grade metasedimentary rocks and its magmatic assemblage consists of K-feldspar (phenocrysts)+plagioclase+quartz+biotite, with zircon, apatite, ilmenite, magnetite and monazite as accessory minerals. Geochemically, the granitic rock is a metaluminous subalkaline felsic granodiorite with SiO2=69.24%, Na2O+K2O=7.08%, CaO=2.45%, Na2O/ K2O=0.71 and FeO/MgO=3.58%. Rare earth element patterns show moderate slope (LaN/YbN=8.05) with a slightly negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu*=0.76). We report the first in situ Hf isotopes data (εHft=-0.12 to -4.76) from crystallized zircons in the Early Cambrian granites of the Sierras Pampeanas, helping to constrain the magma source and enabling comparison with other Pampean granites. The Guasayán pluton might provide a link between Early Cambrian magmatism of the central Sierras Pampeanas and that of the Eastern Cordillera, contributing to define the western boundary of the Pampean paleo-arc.

Keywords


U-Pb Geochronology; Hf isotopes; Pampean granites; Sierra de Guasayán

How to cite this article Dahlquist, J.; Verdecchia, S.; Baldo, E.; Basei, M.; Alasino, P.; Urán, G.; Rapela, C.; da Costa Campos Neto, M.; Zandomeni, P. 2016, Early Cambrian U-Pb zircon age and Hf-isotope data from the Guasayán pluton, Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina: implications for the northwestern boundary of the Pampean arc. Andean Geology 43 (1): 137-150. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV43n1-a08]