DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV45n2-3059

First record of the Valanginian positive carbon isotope anomaly in the Mendoza shelf, Neuquén Basin, Argentina: palaeoclimatic implications

Alejandro R. Gómez Dacal, Lucía E. Gómez Peral, Luis A. Spalletti, Alcides N. Sial, Aron Siccardi, Daniel G. Poiré

Abstract


The Tithonian-Valanginian time interval in the Mendoza Shelf (Neuquén Basin, Argentina) is well exposed in the Río Salado, Puesto Loncoche and Cuesta del Chihuido sedimentary sections. From those localities, more than fifty preserved oyster shells of the genus Aetostreon sp. were selected and sampled in order to perform the first δ13C curves for this particular time interval. Mineralogical and cathodoluminiscence properties, inner micromorphology of the valves, added to major and trace element geochemistry were analyzed in order to highlight the best C-O isotopic preservation. The δ13C isotope curves show values varying between 0 and -3‰ VPDB for the Tithonian-Berriasian basal section, and a positive excursion of ~2.4-2.7‰ VPDB in the Valanginian upper section. This δ13C up section trend is here considered in order to reveal eminent correlations with other sections from the Neuquén Basin, as well as the Weissert Event from the Tethys area, also on the basis of their ammonite faunal zones. The palaeotemperatures obtained from δ18O preserved values, added to a detailed sedimentological study suggest that observed δ13C anomaly may responds to a global climatic change from warm and dry to warm and humid conditions.

Keywords


Chachao Formation; Oyster shells; δ13C; Valanginian anomaly; Cretaceous climate

How to cite this article Gómez Dacal, A., Gómez Peral, L., Spalletti, L., Sial, A., Siccardi, A., and Poiré, D., 2018, First record of the Valanginian positive carbon isotope anomaly in the Mendoza shelf, Neuquén Basin, Argentina: palaeoclimatic implications: Andean Geology, v. 45, no. 2, p. 111-129., doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV45n2-3059