DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV40n3-a02

The Maipo Orocline: A first scale structural feature in the Miocene to Recent geodynamic evolution in the central Chilean Andes

César Arriagada, Rodolfo Ferrando, Loreto Córdova, Diego Morata, Pierrick Roperch

Abstract


In this paper we show the results of a paleomagnetic study carried out along the western Andes of central Chile from 30° to 36°S. Whereas paleomagnetic analysis from Jurassic to Late Cretaceous rocks in the Pampean flat slab segment shows small or non significant clockwise vertical-axis rotations, results obtained in Late Jurassic to Neogeone rocks to the south, on the normal subduction segment, show sistematically clockwise rotations up to 40º. Paleomagnetic rotations are coeval with thrusting along the High Andes in Late Miocene times. We propose a coupled Bolivian Orocline-Juan Fernández Ridge (JFR) model where a far-field component of clockwise rotation related to the formation of the Bolivian Orocline was first acquired by the margin between 31º and 33ºS. The same area was later rotated by a slight counterclockwise component related to the subduction of the JFR over the last 10 Ma. South of 33ºS the clockwise rotations related to the Bolivian Orocline component were amplified by the subduction of the JFR.


How to cite this article Arriagada, C.; Ferrando, R.; Córdova, L.; Morata, D.; Roperch, P. 2013, The Maipo Orocline: A first scale structural feature in the Miocene to Recent geodynamic evolution in the central Chilean Andes. Andean Geology 40 (3): 419-437. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV40n3-a02]

 

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